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Mangotsfield Primary School

Phonics and Early Reading


We are proud to use Unlocking Letters and Sounds. Unlocking Letters and Sounds was validated by the DfE in December 2021.  

We begin teaching phonics in the first few weeks of term 1 in Reception and children make rapid progress in their reading journey. Children begin to learn the main sounds heard in the English language and how they can be represented, as well as learning ‘Common Exception’ words for Phases 2, 3 and 4. They use these sounds to read and write simple words, captions and sentences. Children leave Reception being able to apply the phonemes taught within Phase 2, 3 and 4.

Please see here for an example of our Phase 2 GPC, picture, and action document.

In Year 1 through Phase 5a, b and c, the children learn any alternative spellings and pronunciations for the graphemes and additional common exception Words. By the end of Year 1, children will have mastered using phonics to decode and blend when reading and segment when spelling. In Year 1 all children are screened using the national phonics screening check.

In Year 2, phonics continues to be revisited to ensure mastery of the phonetic code and any child who does not meet age related expectations will continue to receive support to close identified gaps.

To ensure no child is left behind at any point in the progression, children are regularly assessed and supported to keep up through bespoke 1-1 interventions. These include GPC recognition and blending and segmenting interventions. The lowest attaining 20% of pupils are closely monitored to ensure these interventions have impact.

Reading Scheme

At Mangotsfield, we promote a 'phonics first' approach and in both our individual reading and group reading sessions at school as well as in the books children take home. Texts are very closely matched to a child's current phonics knowledge so that every child can experience real success in their reading.

In these crucial early stages of reading we primarily use books aligned with the Unlocking Letters and Sounds progression (including from Ransom Reading Stars) to ensure complete fidelity to the phonic progression we follow.  Once children progress beyond decodable texts, they move onto our book scheme so that they can continue to progress in their decoding, fluency and comprehension skills to become avid, expert readers. 

Phonics Screening Check

In 2012, the government introduced the statutory checking of a child's understanding of phonics for Year One pupils. The Year One Phonics Screening Check is a national check of children's phonic knowledge that all children in England are required to complete. The check combines a mixture of real and pseudo (nonsense) words which the children have to decode (read). The check takes place at the end of Year One. An example of the check published by the Department for Education can be found below:

Phonics Screening Check Example from DfE

Phonics Guide for Parents 

Phonics Documents

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